Day 4 - New Iranian languages, scripts, literature and sources

On Day 4 we are going to look at the Middle Iranian languages, the geographical areas occupied by them, their history, grammar, and respective literature. This period includes modern Iranian languages like Persian, Dari, Tajiki, Kurdish, Pashto, Balochi, Talyshi, etc.

Homework and Questions (20 min.) - Students will be engaged in a discussion about yesterday's class as well as the homework articles.

Part One (1 hour) - The New Iranian period in the history of the Iranian languages begins by the mid-8th and 9th centuries A.D. It is signified by the infiltration of Islamic culture and the rise of New Persian literature, which possesses up until now the richest and most diverse written tradition among its relatives. Its earliest evidence, however, comes not from the Islamic, but the Jewish community which spoke a variety of Persian known as Early-Judaeo Persian (EJP). In this part of the class, the instructor is going to give an overview of the grammatical features of these languages.

Break (15 min.)

Part Two (45-50 min.) - In the second part of the class, the instructor is going to speak about the political significance and the geographical aspects of these languages, their neighbors, and the literature produced by its speakers. 

Discussion (15-20 min.) - At the end of the class the students will be given an opportunity to discuss with the instructor their ideas about the New Iranian languages and ask him to elaborate on different aspects of grammar, history, politics, or literature.

Windfuhr, G․ & Perry, J. R., ‘Persian and Tajik’, in Windfuhr, G. (ed.), The Iranian languages, Routledge, 2009, pp. 416-544;

Paul, L. (2013). A Grammar of Early Judaeo-Persian. Wiesbaden.

Jahani, C., A Grammar of Modern Standard Balochi, Uppsala, 2019.

Korn, A. (2003). Towards a Historical Grammar of Balochi: Studies in Balochi Historical Phonology and Vocabulary, Université de Francfort, 2003.

Mackenzie, D. N. (1961). ‘The origins of Kurdish’, in Transactions of the Philological Society, 60(1), 68–86.

Paul, L. (1998). The Position of Zazaki among West Iranian Languages. In Nicholas Sims-Williams (ed.), Proceedings of the Third European Conference of Iranian Studies held in Cambridge, 11th to 15th September 1995. Part I: Old and Middle Iranian Studies, 163-177.

Skjærvø, P. O., Languages of Southeast Iran: Lārestāni, Kumzārī, Baškardī, in Schmitt, R. (ed.), Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, Wiesbaden, 1989, ss. 363-369.

Borjian, H. (2004). “Mazandaran. Language and People (The State of Research)”, in Iran and the Caucasus 8 (2), Brill, Leiden.

Efimov, V. A., The Ormuri language in past and present, tr. by Joan L. G., Baart, 2011 (orig. 1986).